Note

Did you know that publishing a scientific article can cost as much as $11.300,00 and the extreme poverty line that the rich set for the poor is $1,90 a day? That’s right! One such article, let’s say 15 pages long, is 5.946 (five thousand nine hundred and forty-six) times greater than the extreme poverty threshold, below which there are millions of people. Thousands of scientific articles are published weekly in journals that charge a very high fee to authors willing to pay so that the articles can be read “for free” by anyone. When authors cannot pay, every person who wants to read it, or the institution to which they are affiliated, has to pay fees that are anything but cheap. The added value of scientific journals is experts review submitted articles. Here comes the other detail: experts do it for free! The scientific publishing industry is one of the most profitable on the planet. It is another unfortunate case in which part of the taxes paid by the extremely poor end up in the pockets of the extremely rich. All in the name of science!

As expected, many researchers do not confuse this industry with science. This is the case of the wonderful Alexandra Elbakyan, described by the Brazilian Society of Tropical Medicine as the Robin Hood of science. She created Sci-Hub, a website that allows free downloading of many articles appropriated by the publishing industry. It is similar to Libgen, which, in addition to articles, allows you to download books and other types of publications, specifying the type of search (Libgen for books, Scientific Articles for articles or chapters of some books not available in full, etc). Both pages are constantly attacked and that’s why theyoften change web domains. Are legitimate and illegal web pages doing a social service in the face of the illegitimate legality of the publishing industry? Everyone draws their conclusions. There are those who use the pages to access privatized knowledge and those who, in addition to using them, make donations to strengthen the initiative.




Here we share a list of references that is characterized above all by its incompleteness and arbitrary division. Many of them are in a given section but could be repeated in others. Many more do not even appear on the list despite their quality and relevance to OHP. However, the aim is to provide entry points into topics relevant to OHP, especially when intertwined, reformulated, or deformed.

Index




One health

Thousands of articles are published yearly about One Health and many thousands more are published without the “One Health” rubric, although addressing subjects embraced by its discourse: zoonoses, preventive veterinary medicine, veterinary public health, animal epidemiology, and eco-epidemiology. On the other hand, there are relatively few publications that adopt a critical approach, which is the focus of the following list.

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Critical epidemiology and collective health

Critical epidemiology and collective health are Latin American health movements with proposals to overcome the coloniality of public health from the global North. Ironically, they have reproduced colonial anthropocentrism, but recent publications seem to suggest a convenient change of attitude so that OHP is no longer a blind spot for these movements. Outside Latin America, the ecossocial theory of health, critical public health and the new public health are the approaches that share the most affinities with critical epidemiology and collective health.

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Social determination and social determinants of health

The social determination of health and the social determinants of health are different conceptual frameworks. Since the first, the second has been criticized for collaborating in practice with the interests of dominant groups. However, and in line with one of the principles of social determination (the dialectical movement), we believe that a synthesis of both approaches is possible. In the OHP network, we are studying this possibility using multispecies collectives and marginalizing apparatuses as interpretive keys.

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Health promotion

“Promotion” in OHP (see From modern Planetary Health to decolonial promotion of One Health of Peripheries) is a multispecies and decolonial reading of the meaning given in “health promotion”.

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More-than-human biopolitics

Biopolitics addresses new forms of power or aspects of power previously unknown, in the context of phenomena as diverse as concentration camps, migratory processes, cognitive capitalism, domestication, sovereignty, the immunitary paradigm of modern politics, the relationship of humans with others animals and with technology, the state of exception, and power/knowledge relationships. The more-than-human biopolitics has been complementing biopolitics restricted to human phenomena and OHP follows and expand this approach. The following list mainly refers to the more-than-humans strands.

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Critical animal studies

Critical animal studies are growing fast and address a wide variety of topics, as seen in the collections indicated below, fundamental to working with marginalizing apparatuses involving non-human animals.

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More-tha-human intersectionality

The more-than-human intersectionality is another fundamental interpretive key to give meaning to the social determination of OHP. marginalizing apparatuses distribute individuals into categories of species, race, ethnicity, gender, and social class, among others. Synergisms and antagonisms (intersectionality) between marginalizing apparatuses determine epidemiological profiles of multispecies collectives. We have not included the main texts on human intersectionality.

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Coloniality/Modernity

The focus here is mainly on the Latin American intellectual movement and it should be noted that coloniality is different from colonialism. Mignolo for example says that “coloniality names the underlying logic of the foundation and unfolding of Western civilization from Renaissance to today of which historical colonialisms have been a constituent, although, downlpayed dimension”. Modernity has a mythical component scarcely known in the popular imagination, summarized with extreme clarity by Dussel (1993). This coloniality is one of the main marginalizing apparatus applied to multispecies collectives. We also include some references that, without being part of that movement, stand out for their more-than-human approach.

Keywords: decolonial turn, Modernity/Coloniality Group, colonialism, coloniality, neocolonial, decoloniality, transmodernity, hybrid cultures, epistemologies of the South, global South, ecology of knowledges, interculturality, post-colonial.

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Hollistic approaches

A shortlist in the face of the urgency for another thinking.

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Multispecies justice

Inequity is a fundamental concept of the social determination of health and therefore we need theories of multispecies justice for the promotion of OHP.

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Peripheral cartography

Some peripheries from which OHP must be promoted.

Neglected diseases

Although insufficient, there is already mobilization to address neglected diseases. This mobilization helps to promote OHP, remembering that more than neglected diseases, there are neglected multispecies collectives.

Domestic violence

The relationship between different types of victims of domestic violence has been widely studied, through approaches focused on individual and psychopathological factors, and socially disapproved violence. But what is the effect of structural conditions (social, cultural, economic) that transcend the individual? How does domestic violence feed back these conditions? What types of violence have broad social acceptance? These are some of the questions we ask in the context of the decolonial promotion of the SUP.

Favelas

In the favelas there are multiple peripheries including non-human animals. Thus, it is not surprising that the academic literature further omits the existence of multispecies collectives in the favelas.

Homelesness

There is a considerable mobilization of groups protecting stray dogs and cats and, on the other hand, philanthropic actions for homeless people. Mobilization is lower when dealing with multispecies collectives in street situations; however, it has more support in the literature when compared to multispecies collectives in favelas.

Animal experimentation

Systematic reviews provide the most robust scientific evidence about research findings on a given phenomenon. This evidence, added to ethical considerations and interests of the animal-industrial complex, offers a more comprehensive view of the health of animals used in experiments. The references in this list show that animal experimentation does not invariably lead to benefits for human health and may even compromise the medical advances it is intended to support. More scientific rigor and ethical foundations are needed to avoid unnecessary suffering.

Agribussiness externalities

In order to have food sovereignty and security, it is necessary to deconstruct the ideology of agribusiness. We need healthy and sustainable food, instead of transnationals that generate poverty and disease.

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Panoramic image by our friends of Juegos translúcidos